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源于我大宁波的武学精髓,不要太牛!  [复制]

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发表于 2015/07/31 15:02:45

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中国的武侠文化在全球独树一帜,别无分号。前有李小龙进军好莱坞,享誉海内外,后有《卧虎藏龙》名扬奥斯卡,引爆武侠热。然而,中国武术并不仅仅是影视及文学作品中的描述,它存在于现实,流传于民间。

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宁波,是“海上丝绸之路”的起始港之一,是中国最古老的藏书楼天一阁所在地,故有“港通天下,书藏古今”之说。其实,宁波还是内家拳的发源地。所谓内家拳,最早见载于明末清初浙东学派的著名学问大家黄宗羲的《王征南墓志铭》:“少林以拳勇名天下,然主于搏人,人亦得而乘之。有所谓内家者,以静制动,犯者应手即仆,故别少林为内家。”


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<SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: rgb(252,180,43) 1.5em solid; HEIGHT: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.5em solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: rgb(252,180,43) 1.5em solid; COLOR: ; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-LEFT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.5em solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"></SECTION><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: rgb(255,255,255) 1.3em solid; HEIGHT: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: transparent 1.3em solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: rgb(255,255,255) 1.3em solid; COLOR: ; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: -2.75em 1.65em; BORDER-LEFT: transparent 1.3em solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"></SECTION><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; HEIGHT: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; BORDER-BOTTOM: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; COLOR: ; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0.45em 2.1em; BORDER-LEFT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"><SECTION  style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; OVERFLOW: hidden; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; FONT-SIZE: 1.2em; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; COLOR: rgb(254,255,253); PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: -0.5em 0px 0px; LINE-HEIGHT: 1em; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; MAX-HEIGHT: 1em" placeholder="一行短标题" data-ct="fix">四明内家拳之精髓</SECTION></SECTION></SECTION><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; HEIGHT: 0px; WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; CLEAR: both; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"></SECTION></SECTION>

内家拳认为, 拳术是关于生死存亡之道的学问。讲究修道养身,用活动筋骨、锻炼形气最简易的法式,从人体的上、下、左、右、前、后等6个方向,用肢体的屈伸扭转气血运行的轨道,调节人体血液血环,以增强体质,提高人体的免疫能力。夏宝峰说:“很多的不良病变是体形不正,血脉不通造成的,坚持练四明内家拳,可以正体形,改善身体状况。”


其会聚了法(阴 阳)、理、医、易、兵五事为一体。知之修炼,天地生杀之机,阴阳造化之理,妙用真功,包涵总括,尽收其中,实为天地所珍秘,进则可为治国平天下之用,退则当做修身齐家之策”——第11代内家拳传人夏明土

“内家拳是中华武学的精粹,是一点就通的东西。”——中国武术协会原副主席、李连杰的授业恩师吴彬

 

第13代传人之夏宝峰

第13代传人之夏宝峰代传人之夏宝峰
<SECTION  style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: 0px; WHITE-SPACE: normal; WORD-SPACING: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM: 0px; TEXT-TRANSFORM: none; COLOR: rgb(62,62,62); PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT: 16px/33px 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-LEFT: 0px; LETTER-SPACING: normal; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BACKGROUND-COLOR: rgb(255,255,255); TEXT-INDENT: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px" data-custom="rgb(252, 180, 43)" data-color="rgb(252, 180, 43)" data->夏宝峰中等身材, 步伐稳健, 双目神光内敛,下巴一撮山羊胡极具特色。他介绍四明内家拳,用“养身加防身”来形容:“简单、实用、速成是四明内家拳的特色和优势。长期练习,对脏腑、筋骨、呼吸和思维都有好处。”

夏宝峰是夏明土的孙子,自小就展现出与众不同的习武天赋,善于揣摩与总结,依靠爷爷留下的拳谱,终于将四明内家拳的精髓融会贯通,并被评为宁波市优秀非物质文化内家拳项目传承人。为了重振四明内家拳,将武术发扬光大,他继承祖业,开设拳馆。

<SECTION  style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: 0px; WHITE-SPACE: normal; WORD-SPACING: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM: 0px; TEXT-TRANSFORM: none; COLOR: rgb(62,62,62); PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT: 16px/33px 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-LEFT: 0px; LETTER-SPACING: normal; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BACKGROUND-COLOR: rgb(255,255,255); TEXT-INDENT: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px" data-custom="rgb(252, 180, 43)" data-color="rgb(252, 180, 43)" data-><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; FONT-SIZE: 1em; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; TEXT-ALIGN: center; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 2px 0.8em 1em 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px">
<SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: rgb(252,180,43) 1.5em solid; HEIGHT: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.5em solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: rgb(252,180,43) 1.5em solid; COLOR: ; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-LEFT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.5em solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"></SECTION><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: rgb(255,255,255) 1.3em solid; HEIGHT: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: transparent 1.3em solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: rgb(255,255,255) 1.3em solid; COLOR: ; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: -2.75em 1.65em; BORDER-LEFT: transparent 1.3em solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"></SECTION><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; HEIGHT: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; BORDER-BOTTOM: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; COLOR: ; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0.45em 2.1em; BORDER-LEFT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"><SECTION  style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; OVERFLOW: hidden; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; FONT-SIZE: 1.2em; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; COLOR: rgb(254,255,253); PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: -0.5em 0px 0px; LINE-HEIGHT: 1em; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; MAX-HEIGHT: 1em" placeholder="一行短标题" data-ct="fix">大隐隐于市之绳武堂</SECTION></SECTION></SECTION><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; HEIGHT: 0px; WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; CLEAR: both; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"></SECTION></SECTION>

宁波海曙区有一家绳武堂,坐落在前丰街上,在各种店铺之间,颇有大隐隐于市的意思。大门上方是仿古的飞檐,门里一条木阶直通二楼,拾级而上,豁然开朗。拳馆四四方方,一面是镜子,一招一式,尽在其中。偌大的拳馆,只划出一角用以会客,其他都是练武场。


<SECTION  style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: 0px; WHITE-SPACE: normal; WORD-SPACING: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM: 0px; TEXT-TRANSFORM: none; COLOR: rgb(62,62,62); PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT: 16px/33px 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, 'Hiragino Sans GB', 'Microsoft YaHei', Arial, sans-serif; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-LEFT: 0px; LETTER-SPACING: normal; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BACKGROUND-COLOR: rgb(255,255,255); TEXT-INDENT: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px" data-custom="rgb(252, 180, 43)" data-color="rgb(252, 180, 43)" data-><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; FONT-SIZE: 1em; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; TEXT-ALIGN: center; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 2px 0.8em 1em 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; BORDER-TOP: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; HEIGHT: 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; BORDER-BOTTOM: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; COLOR: ; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: 0.45em 2.1em; BORDER-LEFT: rgb(252,180,43) 1.1em solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"><SECTION  style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; OVERFLOW: hidden; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; FONT-SIZE: 1.2em; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; COLOR: rgb(254,255,253); PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; MARGIN: -0.5em 0px 0px; LINE-HEIGHT: 1em; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; MAX-HEIGHT: 1em" placeholder="一行短标题" data-ct="fix">内家拳之重振雄风</SECTION></SECTION></SECTION><SECTION style="BOX-SIZING: border-box !important; WORD-WRAP: break-word !important; MAX-WIDTH: 100%; HEIGHT: 0px; WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-TOP: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; CLEAR: both; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px"></SECTION></SECTION>

四明内家拳已经被列入全国性武术的比赛的一个项目。在2007年8月举行的浙江省国际传统武术大赛上,宁波四明内家拳队员取得了28块金牌、12块银牌、1块铜牌的好成绩。而且在2006年内家拳作为惟一的“武”顶,进入宁波非物质文化遗产的申报名单,并破格直接进入浙江省级非物质文化遗产的申报。而宁波铁佛寺现已成为正宗中国内家拳的教学训练基地与弘扬传播基地。

“ 现在学习四明内家拳的有公务员,有学生,有上班族,也有僧人,范围很广。”夏宝峰希望四明内家拳能在自己这一代发扬光大,不但在国内普及,还要“出口”到海外,真正做到全民武林。


  

  

  

  

本文节选自《阿拉旅游》杂志2015年7月刊《一年之计在养夏•全民武林》一文。

文:李莹

图:吴维春

编辑:小大头in《阿拉旅游》杂志



 

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